- Causes of cervical dysplasia
- Early detection of cervical dysplasia
- How to identify is it dysplasia or not?
- Diagnosis and treatment of cervical dysplasia
More than 40% of parous women are diagnosed with cervical dysplasia. This is a serious disease, which violates the structure of the surface layer of cells of the cervix. This is the most frequently diagnosed form of cervical precancerous lesions. The American scientist, physician Reagan coined the term “dysplasia” in 1953.
What is the difference between erosion andcervical dysplasia
Compared with cervical erosion, dysplasia has significant differences. At diagnosis of cervical dysplasia, mucous cell structure changes, epithelial border are shifted (cells crawl over the edge of the normal position). There is a very high risk of degeneration into cancer cells. Erosion – is a damage to the tissue of the cervix layer, the micro-wounds. Erosion can develop into dysplasia, and there is danger of cervical cancers. Therefore you need to start timely treatment of cervical erosion, in order to avoid more serious consequences.
Causes of cervical dysplasia
It would seem that innocent factors provoke the spread of cells of the epithelial layer beyond the boundaries and lead to a diagnosis of cervical dysplasia. Many women are under the influence of men’s whims, their own minute desire or recklessly engage in unprotected sexual intercourse. If the woman also often change partners, there is a high risk of getting an infection in the vagina, which the woman did not even suspect. Besides dysplasia, the infections can cause warts, papillomas, not to mention the “banal” thrush.
Women who smoke weaken the immune system, it causes a lack of oxygenation of tissues (hypoxia). On the uterine epithelium occur microtraumas, eventually provoking the manifestation of dysplasia. Other risk factors: frequent flights, travels, physical activities and stress. They lead to hormonal malfunction, manifestations of herpes, HPV.
Early detection of cervical dysplasia
In the early stages the disease is difficult to recognize. That is why the checkups at the gynecologist are necessary every six months. The danger of dysplasia is that in the first stage of cervical dysplasia symptoms are not manifested. On the second or third (neglected) stage of the disease, there may be bloody discharge between periods or during sex, it has an unpleasant odor. But these symptoms may be absent, and the woman still may not know that she is sick. After all, there is no apparent symptom that accompanies dysplasia, such as pain, fever, itching.
What women need to know about the epithelium, carpeted the interior surface of the cervix?
The epithelium consists of three layers.
- Surface (plays a protective role).
- Intermediate (here goes maturation of cells).
- Basal (depth where cells divide).
The deeper (below) is a layer, affected by the disease, so it is more serious and more dangerous.
It is important to know that the dysplasia has three stages:
- mild (affecting less than 1/3 of the epithelium cell layer)
- moderate (up to 2/3 of the affected epithelial cell layer,
- heavy (amazed at all the layers of cervical mucosa epithelium, except for the lower – basal).
The third stage is called invasive cancer. Research shows that early diagnosis of mild dysplasia stage will prevent the development of abnormal cells; It takes less time and resources than in the neglected stage.
How to identify is it dysplasia or not?
Perform diagnosis on the modern equipment in the hospital Medical Practice Dr.Danatsko. Visit the diagnostic center of expensive and most modern in Ukraine equipment for diagnosis and treatment. Most of the equipment has no analogues in the country: the producing countries are Italy, Czech Republic, Germany.
For the diagnosis “Dysplasia” we use two types of current research:
How is diagnosed cervical dysplasia?
- During the cytological examination, swabs are taken for analysis (biopsy specimens from the cervix);
- The simple or advanced colposcopy is done;
- Biopsy of the most suspicious areas of the cervix, with the help of colposcope.
- During cervical dysplasia, the bimanual examination of small pelvis and expert ultrasonography can determine related gynecological diseases, to understand and plan the treatment strategy more precisely.
- The endocervical mucosal scrapings is practiced, additionally appointed the PCR, markers.
The histological examination is carried out with the help of special equipment. In modern medicine, the main role is given to histology. The lots of tissue are subjected to a biopsy to exclude the possibility of the development of cancer cells.
Histology even in neglected stages of cervical dysplasia helps to fully track the status of all layers of cells, of the stroma (the underlying tissue, basement membrane). During the cytology doctor sees only the state of the cells themselves.
Where did the name “pap smear” come from? The founding father of cytology is George N. Papanicolaou. The test for cervical cancer, is named after him. He suggested the recognition method of cancer cells on the cervical epithelium by staining when taking a smear. That was in 1928.
Diagnosis and treatment of cervical dysplasia
Why we are talking directly about the diagnosis and treatment? Because today it is already possible to perform this on a single machine Surgitron EMC. This is a unique, quick, bloodless modern method of radiowave surgery and high-precision diagnostics. Effective treatment of cervical dysplasia without surgery and cauterization is performed by experienced gynecologists of our clinic.
Course of the procedure
Let’s compare the performance of traditional methods and treatment at the Surgitron EMC unit.
Traditional treatments for cervical dysplasia include:
conservative treatment (in the first, easy stage).
The second and third stages:
- diathermocoagulation (electric heat exposure);
- Laser therapy;
- conventional surgery (excision of the unhealthy site with a scalpel – cervical cone biopsy).
Sometimes it is necessary to remove the uterus In the third stage. If the process is not neglected, the doctor does not recommend the complete removal of the uterus (complete amputation or hysterectomy), the woman retains the ability to have children.
Why Surgitron EMC is more effective than other treatments?
The Surgitron EMC device is designed in 1978 in the United States. The radio wave high-frequency technology, which is used on this equipment, is painless and bloodless, there is no risk of infection, as in the traditional intervention.
Currently it is the most highly accurate and effective method in the world, replacing surgery and guaranteeing a painless biopsy. Therefore, cervical dysplasia is diagnosed and treated at Surgitron EMC equipment in the UK, Germany, Japan and Canada. We use this unique method in Ukraine.
10 advantages of the Surgitron EMC
- The high frequency of exposure at the tissue – 3,8 MHz – almost no effect on the structure of cells.
- It does not leave scars, solders vessels immediately after excision of unhealthy sites of the epithelium, that is why the tissue is so quickly restored.
- Old scars and wounds heal and smoothed out because Surgitron EMC is applied to the cosmetic purpose.
- The cervix does not deform when exposed to mild heat, and this is an effective treatment for dysplasia in nulliparous.
- Painlessly cauterizes and cures abnormal and damaged cells.
- It removes papillomas, warts, polyps of the cervical canal.
- It does not cause bleeding and prevents the penetration of infection.
- does not affect healthy tissue around the treatment site
- Unlike the laser, it controls the depth of penetration by a colposcope.
- Secure and accurate diagnosis of cervical dysplasia in pregnant and nulliparous.
“Surgitron” is irreplaceable in the diagnosis, because the doctor with the help of it can easily clarify the presence of dysplasia, the behavior of the cell layer structure, exclude or confirm the growth of oncological cells.
Call us and take a visit to our clinic. Our clinic employs consultants, experts with international experience. They will answer all questions connecting the treatment of cervical dysplasia.