The main danger with the disease of bronchitis is difficulty in breathing due to airway obstruction. Inflammation of the bronchi causing the obstructive bronchitis, the treatment of which is significantly different from its other forms — acute and chronic. Children get sick more often than others. Adults are much harder to carry over this disease.
Viral infections (rhinoviruses, adenoviruses, parainfluenza and various strains of influenza, respiratory syncytial virus. They are activated on the background of a weakened immune system, stress, colds, smoking.
Symptoms of bronchitis
Most brightly manifested itself the acute bronchitis, treatment of which is much faster than of its chronic form and requires an intensive care. The patient has symptoms such:
- Chills, fever
- Weakness, dizziness
- Shortness of breath due to accumulation of secretions in the bronchial secretion and edema
The symptoms of chronic bronchitis may not appear sharply, but the two forms are characterized by cough. Sometimes a wheezing breath and whistles. The disease is complicated by the fact that during the acute period the inflammation is localized only on the bronchial mucosa. The diagnosis and treatment of chronic bronchitis, complicated by the fact that muscle and axillary layers located more deeply are amazed.
The duration of the disease depends on the age of the patient, how weakened his immune system is, what is the stage of bronchitis. It takes 7 to 12 days with the timely medical intervention in the treatment of acute bronchitis. The chronic stage with its new outbreaks and remissions can last up to several months and even years.
Diagnosis of bronchitis
- X-rays (to be differentiated from other diseases — pneumonia, tuberculosis, lung edema).
- ECG (heart condition check, propensity to arrhythmias, etc.)
- Bronchoscopy (allows you to visualize the inner surface of the bronchi, which is difficult to see in other ways).
- Microbiological examination.
- Analysis on histology (a detailed study of the state of the tissues).
Treatment of bronchitis
In the acute stage, the main goal of treatment is to clean the respiratory tract, to restore their patency. «The microwave therapy is excellent for this purpose, — explains Ludmila Barkalova, the physiotherapist of the highest category. — In our clinic Medical Practice Dr. Danatsko we use a powerful apparatus of the German manufacturer the BeautyTek Premium, as well as the British equipment BTL-5000. Microcurrents help to intensify the mucus outflow from the bronchi. The procedure is accompanied by a micro massage and micro drainage that activates the blood circulation and has the antispasmodic effect. «
The duration and number of procedures is determined by the physician. They allow you to achieve the effect of the recovery as soon as possible, contribute to the rapid restoration of the weakened body.
The pulse magnetic therapy is also effective. In our clinic we use it to effectively treat such complex respiratory diseases such as bronchitis and pneumonia. Using the Swiss equipment BTL -21 it is enough 5-12 sessions up to 15 minutes after a day or every day. Due to the formation of heat in the tissues and stimulation of the lymphatic system, they help to remove allergic reactions that are typical of chronic bronchitis, to stimulate the body’s immune response to the virus, to stop the inflammatory process.
Prevention of bronchitis
To avoid the repetition (recurrence) of the disease, it is important to strengthen the immune system. For this purpose is useful the hardening (after consultation with the therapist) and the vitamin therapy. Also important is a feasible physical activity, clean water and fresh air. They all stimulate the internal organs, including lungs and bronchi.