Myoma (fibro or leiomyoma) is a benign tumor of the smooth muscle of the uterus. The prevalence of this pathology reaches 20-25% in women older than 30 years. Myoma nodes can be single and multiple; small (from 1cm) to gigantic proportions.
The causes of hysteromyoma are not fully understood, but it is usually the formation of knots associated with higher levels of female hormones — estrogen. So who is at risk?
- nulliparous women;
- with disorders of fat metabolism (obesity);
- family history (fibroids at mother or grandmother);
- abortion or transferred inflammatory processes (hormonal changes)
Characteristic symptoms at occurrence fibromatous sites:
- menstrual disorders;
- regular or irregular uterine bleeding;
- difficulty or frequent urination, constipation;
- pulling back pain and the pain in lower abdomen, but this feature is characteristic only in 25-30% of cases.
Very often, the disease is asymptomatic and can be detected by chance during routine inspection. We recommend you take it regularly to timely diagnose of cervical erosion, including, as well as any other disease at an early stage.
How to diagnose myoma
- you must pass the gynecological examination with ultrasound, sometimes your doctor may recommend MRI or CT scan of the pelvic organs to clarify the diagnosis.