MRI of the joints, as a research method for the diagnosis of the knee, is used very often. The popularity of this method among physicians is easily explained — many traumatologists recognize that the knee joint is arranged very difficult.
As part of the knee joint there are two bone (femur and the shin bone), meniscus and patella, as well as intra-articular cruciate ligament. MRI of the knee joint can give a comprehensive description of the structures of so complicatedly arranged mechanism. Around the joints, in addition to the joint capsule,there are also periarticular bags, tendons of the thigh muscles and shin, adipose tissue and lymph nodes, blood vessels and nerves.
All listed formation differ from each other in density and volume. They are situated at different angles relative to each other and in different planes. Only of the knee joint MRI can accurately and in detail display such a complex structure.
With MRI you can:
1. Get an extremely thin (up to fractions of a millimeter) slices of various planes, and 3D-images of the joint or individual elements can assist in accurate diagnosis of lesions, their location and structure.
2. Display the details of the study area with the reliability of 95%.
3. Identify the indications for MRI examination of the knee joint.
4. Conduct a preoperative examination necessary for the evaluation of the operation.
5. Identify the various types of knee injuries.
6. To diagnose pinched nerves and tendons, adipose tissue.
7. To diagnose bone tumors and soft tissue.
8. Identify various degenerative changes of the joint of tissues or capsule (bursitis, including Baker’s cyst, ligamentosis, synovitis, chondromatosis).
9. Identify arthrosis and arthritis, if these processes are involved elements of the knee joint.
10. Diagnose osteochondropathy of the tibial tubercle (ie, Osgood-Schlatter disease).
11. Identify arthrosis and arthritis, if these processes are involved elements of the knee joint.