MRI of the liver is carried out in those cases where is necessary to make a differential diagnosis of liver diseases. During the procedure, the patient is examined by a special technique, in which one anatomic area (body section) is investigated during the breath holding at a small period of time (25-30 seconds).
The liver is a very important organ, a kind of biological filter, which is located in the right upper quadrant. Liver performs the blood purification from decomposition products and metabolites, as well as harmful substances such as allergens and toxins. In addition, the liver is involved in all types of metabolism in the digestive processes in the synthesis of amino acids and processes of hematopoiesis.
MRI of the liver, pancreas, gallbladder and ducts is performed without a contrast agent that allows to obtain the affected areas and possible tumors in the three-dimensional image. Abdominal MRI can replace an operation such as diagnostic cholecystocholangiography.
MRI should be performed in cases where you feel pain in the right upper quadrant, the sense of discomfort after meals, heartburn, weakness, nausea, as these symptoms may be a «signal» to potential problems in the liver, pancreas and gallbladder.
MRI of the liver. with contrast medium
In addition to non-contrast MRI studies, also performed the MRI of the liver with the contrast. For this purpose paramagnetic contrast agents are administered to the patient. This procedure requires special training — for 5-6 hours before the procedure is recommended not to eat.
Typically, the procedure does not cause any discomfort, and is held for 30-40 minutes. It is impossible to carry out MRI of the liver with the contrast, if there is an allergy to contrast agents or other drugs.
If MRI of the liver is necessary to conduct to small children, it is necessary to give the child a sedative before the procedure. Pregnant women are not recommended to perform an MRI of the liver in the first trimester of pregnancy.