Magnetic resonance imaging is one of the most modern and informative methods for diagnosis, which is quite a harmless way to study. Instead of X-rays used in conventional X-ray diagnosis, the magnetic fields used during the MRI are safe. The doctor receives a series of images that are produced in layers and is usually displayed on the display screen.
MRI is widely used in oncologic, traumatologic, neurosurgical practice due to its accuracy and informativeness.
MRI of the cervical spine is an important method of diagnosis, as this area of the body includes tissues, which include a large number of blood vessels and nerve fibers. MRI of the spine allows to get thin slices and layered three-dimensional images by scanning, which makes this diagnostic method is more accurate than traditional spondylography (radiography of the spine).
This is especially true of cervical disease, tumors and metastases in this area that other methods of diagnosis can not detect.
Indications for MRI of the neck
Magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine is held in the following indications:
1. Tumors (benign and malignant) of the cervical spine, larynx, pharynx, thyroid, parathyroid glands.
2. Anomalies and malformations of the blood vessels of the neck, spine, lymph glands.
3. The presence of stenosis, hypoplasia, aplasia, curvature of the vessels in the neck area.
4. Violation of cerebral blood flow, which occurred due to the neck or craniovertebral transition.
5. Injuries and fractures of the cervical spine associated with various causes, as well as control over the treatment after injuries.
6. Diseases of the spine of various etiologies (infectious origin, due to degenerative disc disease, systemic diseases).
7. The intervertebral hernia, protrusions or sequestration, as well as compression of the roots of the spinal cord in the cervical spine.
8. The compression of the brain stem.
9. The headaches, pains in the neck area of unknown etiology.
10. Degenerative-dystrophic changes in the cervical spine (osteoporosis, rickets).
11. Planning for surgery in the cervical spine, as well as post-operative control of the rehabilitation process.