MRI of the joints — is a research aimed at diagnosis of the variety of injuries, trauma and acute diseases. Magnetic resonance imaging provides a picture of high accuracy even in the early stages of the disease (unlike computed tomography) and in trauma of the knee MRI — is the only way to obtain reliable information on the status of the joint capsule and meniscus. Thereby reducing the likelihood of unnecessary surgical intervention.
Because this method makes it possible to obtain an accurate picture of the surrounding soft tissues, MRI is mainly used for the examination of large joints (hip, shoulder, knee, elbow). Before the procedure, be sure to read the rules of passing the MRI.
Indications for MRI of the joints
- sports and non-sports injuries;
- gap of the muscular cuff, shoulder rotators;
- infringement of the tendons and nerves;
- soft tissue and bone tumors;
- detection or exclusion of damage to the internal structures of the knee (meniscus, articular cartilage, ligaments);
- diagnosis of inflammation, joint tumors;
- ruptures of the joint capsule;
- aseptic (avascular) necrosis of the femoral head, osteomyelitis, septic arthritis;
- degenerative joint disease;
- chronic arthritis;
- stress fractures;
- complaints of pain in the joints or soft tissues around it, swelling of joints;
- bone lesions, fractures, ruptures of ligaments and tendons;
- osteoarthritis, identification of its causes.
The advantages of MRI of joints
1. Very high diagnostic efficiency, compared to radiography and computed tomography.
2. Harmlessness of research (absence of radiation exposure) — X-ray radiation is not used in the diagnosis.
3. High resolution — during magnetic resonance imaging of joints, the objects may be enlarged up to several millimeters, and images can be obtained in different projections.
4. Visualization of tissues in health and identifying diseases.
The value of MRI for the diagnosis of the joints
The value of MRI in the diagnosis of the joints is very high in view of the fact that the study allows us to construct a three-dimensional model of the study area, as well as highlight the nerve trunks and blood vessels, which run in the projection of the test joint and vascular net.