Any study is based on the interaction in the system of doctor-unit-patient, and its quality is determined by all three components of the system.
Ultrasonography of the abdomen and blood vessels, kidneys, adrenal glands..
At present, the usual preparation of the patient to the investigation of the abdominal cavity and retroperitoneal space includes a survey on an empty stomach with food restriction before, ie 1-2 days prior to the survey, exclude from the diet foods that cause bloating (black bread, beans, fresh vegetables, fruits, milk, juices, soft drinks), easily dine on the eve of the study, no later than 19.00 and in the morning on an empty stomach, and go to the doctor. If the study is scheduled in the 2nd half of the day, allowed a light breakfast in the morning no later than 6-8 hours before the test. However, these measures do not always lead to the desired result, and in some cases can trigger flatulence in the intestine. For the treatment of flatulence syndrome are used means normalizing bowel movements and accelerate the evacuation of gas from it. Therefore, for high-quality training to the investigation, also recommended the use of activated carbon, Espumizan, effectiveness of which has been proven in several studies (V.V.Mitkov, «Ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity: the effect of patient’s training on the quality of the received information»).
Pelvic ultrasound in women
It is carried out in two ways: transabdominal and transvaginal.
For transabdominal study (through the abdominal wall) the bladder must be filled. That is why 2 hours prior to the study the patient should drink at least 1 liter of non-carbonated liquid or unable to urinate for 3-4 hours.
To investigate the transvaginal probe, do not forget rules for the preparation of the visit to the gynecologist.
Ultrasound of the bladder and prostate, transabdominal
It is carried out at the filled bladder. That is why 2 hours prior to the study the patient should drink at least 1 liter of non-carbonated liquid or unable to urinate for 3-4 hours.
Carried out the first phase of the menstrual cycle — at 7-10 days after the onset of menstruation. Up to 40 years performed as a baseline study, after 40 years — in addition to X-ray mammography when indicated.
Ultrasound of the thyroid gland, joints, soft tissue, thymus, peripheral lymph nodes.
It does not require the prior preparation.
Neurosonography does not require prior preparation. It is carried out to children of 1st year of life on the open fontanelle.
US of the pyloric part of the stomach in the newborn is held on an empty stomach in 3-3.5 hours from the last feeding.