Vaginal ultrasound (also known as transvaginal) — is the ultrasonic examination of the ovaries, uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes.The ultra-sensitive sensor that a doctor inserts into the vagina is applied. This method allows you to achieve highly accurate results, not comparable in quality to conventional ultrasound. The reason is that the transvaginal probe is close to the internal reproductive organs as possible.
Indications for the vaginal ultrasound
Women of childbearing age, except virgins. For them, this method is uninformative. To the girls who have not had sexual intercourse, can be entered the vaginal probe rectally, ie through the anal canal. Insertion length is small, there is no pain.
To the women under 40 years, such research is recommended 1 time per year, and after this age — every year. This will reduce the likelihood of hidden gynecological diseases.
The course of the procedure
Transvaginal ultrasound is not done in a gynecological chair, but on the couch. The woman bends the knees. For safety,the tight condom is pulled on the vaginal probe, on the top of it smeared the gel for research. The ultrasonic waves penetrate more easily through it.
The sensor is entered faster and smoother, since it slides on the walls of the vagina. There should be no pain at all. If it occurs, you should immediately inform the gynecologist. The procedure lasts less than 20 minutes.
Indications for vaginal ultrasound
- Pain of the pelvic organs, abdomen, in the area of the ovaries.
- Inflammation, pathology and pain, found during inspection of a gynecologist.
- Uterine bleeding, a suspicion on ectopic pregnancy.
- Irregular, too scanty or plentiful periods.
- Prevention of diseases affecting women.
- Evaluation of the quality and quantity of follicles in maturation stage.
- Obstruction of the fallopian tubes.
The research will help to identify the causes of infertility, which is very important for conceiving and carrying a healthy baby. In pregnancy, vaginal ultrasound in Kiev in our clinic will help to determine whether there is the pathology of fetal development.
The procedure is performed not earlier than the 6th week of pregnancy. It can be clearly seen on the monitor as reduced the future baby heart. If there are any failures in the development of the fetus, the doctor-diagnostician will see it.
What diseases are diagnosed by transvaginal ultrasound
Most of the female reproductive system disorders can be identified in advance and start to be treated, if you come for help in time. Among them:
- Uterine fibroids.
- Pathology structure of the fallopian tubes.
- Endometrial Polyps.
- Hydatidiform mole — a complete or partial.
- Thick mucus shell layer of the uterus.
- Tumors of the pelvic organs.
- Horionepitelioma (malignant nature of the tumor).
- The polyps, endometriosis.
- Fluid accumulates in the pelvis or lower abdomen.
Vaginal ultrasound during pregnancy will help to assess the structure of the genital organs, pelvic organs. If there is a suspicion of the pathology, the doctor finds it. On the monitor the doctor can see the condition of the fallopian tubes, ovaries, abdomen.
Even greater effect is achieved with the introduction of contrast medium. The procedure is called hydrotubation. This method is very effective when internal bleeding that can not be diagnosed by other techniques. It saves the life of patients with rupture of the fallopian tube, ovary, or a ruptured cyst. Such situations require immediate hospitalization and treatment in a hospital.
There are virtually no contradictions. The procedure is not recommended during the pregnancy to the end of the fifth week of obstetrical period and to virgins. It is not necessary to do ultrasound transvaginal probe with a strong inflammation of the vaginal walls, since the procedure would cause strong pain.
Diagnostics in our clinic
We have our own diagnostic center with the latest equipment from the world manufacturers. All patients can benefit from a professional diagnosis under the supervision of an experienced doctor — an obstetrician-gynecologist.
This is an excellent method for the prevention and detection of diseases at an early stage. It allows you to start treatment immediately and eliminate all possible risks in time. Comfort of the vaginal ultrasound procedure in the fact that no prior training is required.