Molluscum contagiosum: diagnosis and treatment

The name of an infectious disease “molluscum contagiosum” is translated «as “a contagious mollusk.” It can be recognized by small nodules, very dense. The provocateur of the disease is a virus from the group of smallpox (smallpox-causing).

Origin of the the virus

molluskIt is transmitted from the human or from an animal. Molluscum contagiosum viruses are divided into four types: of MCV-1 to MCV-4. The most common are sexually transmitted diseases, most often these viruses MCV-1 and MCV-2 affecting adults. Viruses can be transmitted through water pools, as well as personal hygiene items, bedding. The big risk is tattooing in which the skin is damaged. Inside the rash is liquid, and the virus is transmitted through this liquid . This can happen:

  • through the contact with hands or any part of the body during sex;
  • through the dirty public toys;
  • through the pollution and contamination of the surface;
  • in the bath, sauna, public swimming pool.

Molluscum contagiosum often develops on the background of a weak immune system, it affects the weakened after the operation or severe body. The molluscum contagiosum most often appearsin adults with a tendency to allergies, the elderly, and those who ate a lot of medications, especially hormones.

Symptoms of molluscum contagiosum

The incubation period lasts for about 2 weeks, at this time adults or children are not even aware that they are already infected. Eruptions in diameter from 1 mm to 1 cm appear on the thighs, buttocks, genitals, lower abdomen.

The packed spots in the form of nodules of semicircular shape, similar to the balls, can be seen on the skin. The color is pink or slightly paler. There is a small depression in the middle of the rash. When pressed on it, the dense curdled mass stands, which is resembling a cork. Sometimes, external troubles are complemented by itching sensations.

Contact your doctor for diagnosis as soon as you have noticed themolluscum contagiosum symptoms in yourself or loves ones. The disease can take place against the background of the other deseases, and with the help of the diagnostics, you will learn the disorders of your organism in time. Be aware that symptom of the disease may manifest itself for a very long period: up to 4 years.

Why is it necessary to treat molluscum contagiosum

After 6 weeks after onset of the disease, it can “pass itself.” And yet, the consultation of the dermatologist is necessary. Why? Because of the consequences.

Molluscum contagiosum is often confused with other complex diseases, and is treated incorrectly, aggravating it. For example, its symptoms are similar to symptoms of the syphilis. Additionally, the physician is almost always detect other infections during the examination. Moreover, other diseases, including HIV / AIDS, develop because of the low immunity).

Diagnosis of molluscum contagiosum

When the rash, described above, is persist for 3-4 weeks, you should see a doctor for diagnosis. The diagnosis includes the screening for infections (including sexual), blood tests.

Sometimes a biopsy and the examination of the the liquid portion of the rash are needed. On doctor’s advice there should be excluded the malignant tumors, ie, tests for oncology cells are needed. The HIV test is also required.

Treatment of molluscum contagiosum

There are several modes of therapy. Which one to use – it’s up to professional dermatologist after diagnosis.Molluscum contagiosum treatment which should be built only after the doctor’s visit, you can remove the four basic methods.

  • Removal of nodules in the clinic.
  • Searing (diathermocoagulation).
  • The use of immunomodulators, antiviral treatment with ointments or creams.
  • Cold therapy (cryotherapy).

The removal of the molluscum contagiosum в in severe cases, is accompanied by the use of antibiotics.

Why can’t you treat molluscum contagiosum by yourself?

If you plan to treat molluscum contagiosum at home, you should leave this venture. What are the risks, and why shouldn’t you do it?

  1. Without a diagnosis, you may not notice other diseases and allow them to develop into the chronic stage.
  2. You can confuse the “contagious mollusk” with another disease and to miss the timely initiation of the treatment.
  3. Self-medication can aggravate the condition and lead to serious consequences, including the oncology tumor.

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