Why not only nature falls asleep in autumn, but also people?
An important role in our well-being belongs to the most mysterious gland of the human – the epiphysis or pineal gland. It is engaged in the regulation of numerous functions of the human body and especially the setting up of circadian rhythm of the human on the sundial. This gland is very small, it weighs about 0.2 grams and a length of 8 – 15 mm, but it produces very important hormones, including melatonin. Its effect on the human body is relaxing, soothing, reducing reaction prepares the body for sleep. It is produced in the dark, and so in the winter and fall, when you have to wake up long before dawn, and the pineal gland does not get the right signal, we are in a very long time dozing, languid and relaxed. In the summer and spring, when the day is much longer, a lot of sun and light, we wake up much more vigorously. And melatonin reduces the stress response, lowers metabolism, strengthens the immune system and produces a rejuvenating effect. To prevent circadian rhythm disorders, it is necessary to sleep in the dark for at least 7 hours a day, in the afternoon – to try as much as possible to be on the sun, under natural light. To travelers who cross several time zones, it is recommended to go out in the sun to stand for some time to adjust to the local time epiphysis. The children in the period of growth and puberty should spend enough time in the fresh air and sunshine.